Gender And Science
2011 marked the 100th
anniversary of the Chemistry Nobel Prize awarded to Marie Curie
This remarkable woman, who discovered the elements radium and polonium and shed fundamental light on the
nature of radioactivity, had already shared the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics. Marie Curie's 1903
dissertation became the first doctorate in science awarded to a woman in Europe.
While the 20th
century saw more women becoming highly successful scientists, globally there
remains a huge imbalance in the proportion of females in science. As UNESCO
has observed, "All over the world, scientific and technological training is too often just not
available to women, including informal training. Less women than men have scientific careers and
when they do, professional progress is slower. Women rarely hold high-level scientific decisional
IOCD recognizes the rights of all people – women and men – to participate in careers in the
sciences and, through the chemical sciences, to contribute to improving the health, wealth and wellbeing of
humankind. IOCD encourages equal opportunity for girls and women everywhere to participate in education,
training, research and employment in the chemical sciences.
- UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Fact Sheet December 2012, No 23:
Women in Science.
- Lopez-Claros, A.; S. Zahidi.
Women’s Empowerment: Measuring the Global Gender Gap.
World Economic Forum, 2005.
- Jenkins, E.W.
Gender and Science & Technology Education.
Education Newsletter 1997, 23(1). UNESCO, Paris.
- World Bank, World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development,
World Bank, Washington DC, 2012